These five pests have evolved to withstand wintery conditions to survive:
Mosquitoes: Adult mosquitoes will not survive, but the eggs will. Larvae suspending their development during the winter.
Ticks: Ticks burrow deep under leaf litter which acts as an insulator once snow falls, protecting them until spring.
Ants: Ants are able to physically lower their body temperature, and work to seal up their colonies in deep soil or under rocks.
Termites: These wood-destroying pests move deep into the soil below the frost line to stay warm.
Rodents: Mice and rats can fit through openings as small as a dime and/or quarter. They will find these openings to get food and shelter.
Here are some winter pest-proofing tips:
- Trim back trees to prevent access to the underside of your roof overhang.
- Declutter the basement, attic and any utility rooms to remove harborage sites for rodents.
- Examine the fascia board along the roofline, replacing any areas of rotted wood.
- Repair loose mortar and replace worn weatherstripping around all windows and doors.
- Store food in sealed containers and keep crumbs off the floor.
- Seal any and all cracks or gaps on the home exterior with a silicone-based caulk, plug holes under cabinets to utility lines with steel wool.
- Store firewood at least 20 feet from the home, not only off the ground but also covered. Brush wood off before bringing it indoors.
- Avoid ice dams, which can lead to moisture problems in the home by clearing potentially problematic accumulations of snow. Pests love moisture.
- Hire a professional to clean, inspect the flue and install a cap over the chimney.
- Call a Terminix Service to inspect and help shore up the home against pests.